Definition of Research Methods
Research methods refer to the approach and procedure used to effectively conduct research. These methodologies help researchers achieve the study’s aims and objectives.
Presenting Different Types of Research Methodologies
The primary responsibility of a researcher is to introduce and explain various research methodologies. This article covers different types of research methodologies, tips for selecting practical methods, pros and cons, and a comparison of research methodologies.
Selecting an Effective Research Methodology
Before starting the research, you should have a clear goal and applicable, precise, and valuable research questions to address the issue effectively.
Ensure the studied population is well-represented through questionnaires, focus groups, and inclusive surveys.
3. Availability of Time
Be mindful of your timeline, as data collection, analysis, and evaluation may take time depending on the methodology chosen.
Consider the required software or hardware resources for each research approach and ensure you have access to them. Choose methodologies aligned with your knowledge and skills.
Types of Research Methods
Research methods are classified based on nature of study, purpose, data type, research design, and general category. In some cases, a mixed-method approach combines methodologies from different categories.
Mixed Method Approach
This research procedure incorporates two types of research, such as combining quantitative and qualitative data. It is used when collecting and describing data in a natural setting.
Types of Research Methodologies Covered in This Article:
1. Qualitative Research
2. Quantitative Research
3. Analytical Research
4. Conceptual Research
5. Exploratory Research
6. Formalized Research
7. Applied Research
This type collects and analyzes numerical data to test causal relationships, find patterns, predict outcomes, and generalize results to a larger population. It uses tables, facts, and graphs to draw conclusions.
Advantages of Quantitative Research:
– Enables examination of sensitive research questions using mathematical and statistical techniques.
– Allows larger sample sizes for comprehensive analysis.
– Maintains personal information privacy, encouraging honest opinions.
Disadvantages of Quantitative Research:
– Costly due to surveys and questionnaires administration.
– Challenging to reach justifiable conclusions when data does not accurately represent everyone involved.
– Lacks provisions for societal changes and evolving perspectives.
Qualitative Research Method
This non-numerical research collects data through open-ended questions to investigate a population and understand influencing factors. Types include case studies and grounded theory.
Advantages of Qualitative Research:
– Flexible approach, allowing probing and alterations to gather accurate data.
– Provides authentic human experiences and observations for more accuracy.
– Faster compared to other methods and uses smaller sample sizes.
Disadvantages of Qualitative Research:
– Time-consuming due to data sorting and probing.
– May require more data due to privacy concerns.
– Higher chances of bias depending on participants’ viewpoints.
Difference between Quantitative and Qualitative Research:
– Quantitative research is empirical and scientific, using logical and statistical techniques, while qualitative research focuses on understanding feelings and thoughts.
– Quantitative research is conclusive, while qualitative research is exploratory.
– Numerical data is used in quantitative research, while qualitative research uses objects, pictures, and words.
– Quantitative research is particularistic, while qualitative research is holistic.
– Researchers are intimately involved in qualitative research but uninvolved in quantitative research.
– Reasoning in quantitative research is deductive, while qualitative research uses inductive reasoning.
– Quantitative research collects measurable data, while qualitative research gathers verbal data.
– Qualitative research aims to discover and explore ideas, while quantitative research examines cause-effect relationships between variables.
Aims to solve current problems faced by businesses, organizations, or society. It addresses arising issues immediately and includes development research, action research, and execution research. Fundamental research, on the other hand, focuses on formulating theories to acquire knowledge.
Uses proven facts to evaluate information related to the research, developing new concepts or supporting existing data.
Relates to abstract ideas and concepts, interpreting existing theories differently and countering others.
Conducted on existing problems to determine their causes and nature without providing final and conclusive results.
Answers specific questions or gathers knowledge about new information. It involves rigorous processes to determine effectiveness or success.
Research Methodology Examples
Examples include interviews, surveys, focus groups, observations, and research questions, depending on the chosen research methodology.
Writing a Research Methodology
Depending on instructions or preferences, qualitative, quantitative, or mixed-method approaches can be used. Qualitative methodologies involve observations, research questions, and interviews, while quantitative methodologies collect and analyze numerical data.
Research Methodology Tutor
On customnursingpapers.com, a team of writers can provide tutoring on various research methodologies with step-by-step explanations and examples. They offer materials like research methodology samples to students globally at different academic levels. Students can also connect with an online study group for collaborative learning.