Every child should be immunized to increase their immunity to vaccine-preventable diseases and reduction of mobility and mortality rates in children. Immunization is offered to children under the age of five following the development milestones and requirements by the world health organization. It is under the mother-child health and it is a topic that is neglected by men, however, in today’s world, men have taken it into their consideration too to take care of their children and know their health status. The topic of immunization targets the whole parenting generation and any adult and caregiver who takes care of children under the stated age but this paper has the aim of educating the young boys and girls of age between 18 to 25, of university and collage level as in this age, any get pregnant and feel stranded and lack the understanding of the importance of immunization. The topic of immunization is important to this population as it offers information and an understanding of the immune development of their children, understanding the development of acquired immunity will help them appreciate the need to complete the relevant immunization to keep their children healthy in the future, different types of immunization are discussed in the paper to educate this target group.
Immunization to healthy children is important in improving their physical health, vaccines help in improving the immune system of a child and helps fighting against fatal diseases and also in minimizing the spread of contagious diseases in the community. Vaccines improves the immune system of an individual by helping the body develop antibodies against pathogens by inoculating weak or dead version of viruses and bacteria to the body and the immune system will develop antibodies that will fight the pathogens if they are inoculated in the body in future. This will help in reducing the mortality and mobility of a diseases globally.
Immunization begins immediately after birth where the child is administered with BCG, that is Bacille Calmette-Guerin vaccine, where the baby is vaccinated against tuberculosis. Tuberculosis is a leading cause of infant death as it causes childhood tuberculous meningitis and miliary disease (Tamirat, 2019). Immunization can also be administered to children who have negative tuberculin skin tests and those who are exposed.
The next vaccine to e administered will be the oral polio vaccine that is administered at birth, at six weeks and ten weeks. The vaccine is administered to vaccinated the child against poliomyelitis that is commonly referred to as polio. It is estimated that in about 0.5% of polio patients, the condition is noted to move from the gut to affect the central nervous system that results in muscle weakness hence flaccid paralysis (Balogun, 2017). After the inoculation period, the aftermath will be noted after a few hours or days.
Rotavirus vaccine is the next immunization that protects the child against rotavirus. Rotavirus s the causative agent of the deadliest diarrhea in children, the infection causes inflammation of the intestine and stomach manifesting with symptoms such as severe watery diarrheas with vomiting and fever and at times abdominal pains. Theis symptoms cause child death due to dehydration.
Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine is administered at six, ten, and fourteen weeks old. the vaccine is administered to vaccinate against infections from bacteria that cause infections like Pneumonia, sepsis, and bacterial meningitis. This vaccination protects the child against 13 types of pneumococcal bacteria that causes common infections to children and their spread. Pentavalent vaccine is the next immunization that a child is administered with at the age of six, ten, and fourteen weeks old to protect against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, hepatitis B, and Hemophilus Influenzae type b (Balogun, 2017).
Inactivated polio vaccine is administered at 14 fourteen weeks, this is after the guidelines of the center for disease prevention and control that children should get four doses of polio vaccine. At nine months, children are vaccinated with measles vaccine to prevent measles. Measles is caused by the measles virus that manifests with symptoms that take place after 10-12 days after inoculation. These symptoms include a fever that is greater than 40 degrees. After these immunizations are completed, a child is now ready to leave a healthy life.
Immunization to healthy children begins at birth with the aim of improving their immune system to fight against vaccine-preventable diseases and prevention of the spread of fatal diseases and infections. From the discussion above, it is evident that immunization helps in preventing a lot of diseases and infection hence the need of immunizing children as required by the word health organization. Additionally, immunization helps boost the immune system of children at early stages.
Balogun, S. A., Yusuff, H. A., Yusuf, K. Q., Al-Shenqiti, A. M., Balogun, M. T., & Tettey, P. (2017). Maternal education and child immunization: the mediating roles of maternal literacy and socioeconomic status. The Pan African Medical Journal, 26.
Tamirat, K. S., & Sisay, M. M. (2019). Full immunization coverage and its associated factors among children aged 12–23 months in Ethiopia: further analysis from the 2016 Ethiopia demographic and health survey. BMC public health, 19(1), 1-7.
Zhang, L., & Mao, M. (2019). Common problems in immunization for children. Zhonghua er ke za zhi= Chinese journal of pediatrics, 57(8), 654-656.
- Nursing practice in NMC code of Conduct 2015
- Code of Professional Conduct for Nurses in Australia
- Professional Code of Conduct
- Compare and contrast the ANA or ICN Code of ethics for Nurses Practice Act.How does each one guide the nursing practice.Provide examples to get your point across.
- Summarize the study, explain the ways in which the findings might be used in nursing practice, and address any ethical considerations associated with the conduct of the study.
- Describe evidence-based practice (EBP) and its relationship to nursing research, nursing practice, and healthcare. (Domain – Educative Practice, Evidence-informed Practice,‘Process – Scholarship, Patient Safety)
- Understanding nursing research – building an evidence based practice 6th edition by Grove, Gray and Burns (2015)
- Conduct a PICO(T) search on the nursing problem related to Psych Nursing.
- Critically examine bioethical issues in healthcare, research, and nursing
- Conduct a search of the literature for articles that explain the current nursing shortage in the United States
- Assignment: Practicum – Week 1, 2, & 4 Journal Entry And Journal Submission
- Assignment 1: Practicum – Week 5 Journal Entry (Due In Week 7)
- Practicum – Week 1 Journal Entry
- Assignment 4: Practicum – Week 10 Journal Entry
- Practicum – Week 5 Journal Entry
- Assignment: Practicum – Week 1 Journal Entry
- Assignment 1: Week 1 Practicum Journal Entry: Certification Plan