1. Diabetes mellitus types 1 and 2 share some risk factors and clinical complications such as hyperglycemia. Why does hyperglycemia occur in diabetes mellitus? Why is hypoglycemia also a concern?

2.Ms. Metzger is newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. She has a sister who has had type 1 diabetes since she was 3 years old. She asks you to explain the differences in the cause between type 1 diabetes mellitus and type 2 diabetes mellitus.

3. Please describe the pathophysiological differences between rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis.

4. Discuss how aging affects the bones, joints, and muscles