How to write an essay on Disease Screening (Solved)

How to write an essay on Disease Screening (Solved)

Screening for diseases is part of preventive measures to help those individuals at risk of developing a certain condition. It promotes early diagnosis and initiation of treatment to improve the quality of life. It has also been beneficial to provide patients with the right guidance regarding lifestyle choices that could increase their chance of contracting specific diseases (Pirotte & Benson, 2021). Through screening, individuals can alter their lifestyles and reduce their risk of contracting specific diseases. However, patients have rights that we, as nurses or healthcare professionals, should advocate for. Some of these rights include the right to refuse treatment and, in this case, to refuse screening for a particular disease. Patients refuse treatment due to various causes, including lack of education, and we should be able to establish the reason for treatment refusal.

Ethical and legal principles clearly define and govern patients’ right to refuse treatment, leaving healthcare providers uncertain of how to behave ethically and professionally while also safeguarding themselves from liability concerns (Pirotte & Benson, 2021). The doctor’s fundamental duty is to ensure that the patient is aware of the advantages and disadvantages of the suggested course of therapy. It guarantees that the patient is adopting an educated choice, is aware of their options, and that their concerns are taken into account (Arnold, 2022). Sometimes it can help patients make better decisions and enable better patient care to address information gaps or reassure them about the implications of screening.

Practices should employ patient-centered teaching methods supported by research, including the teach-back method (Pirotte & Benson, 2021). This method allows the practitioner to Verify patient comprehension by having them describe using their phrases what they ought to know or perform in order to take care of their health. It is a means to make sure that practitioners have communicated with the patients in a way they can understand. Video, images, audio or written materials can be utilized to reinforce understanding. Also, medical jargon should be avoided.

Cultural values and norms contribute to the refusal of treatment by patients. For instance, women of particular culture or religion, such as Muslims, wear veils that completely cover them, only exposing the necessary parts like the eyes. These women always find it difficult and uncomfortable to be attended to by male nurses/healthcare providers. They are likely to refuse screening, such as cancer screening for breast cancer, if a male practitioner does it. On the other hand, it is unlikely that they will be apprehensive when a female nurse serves them. Offering patient-centered care allows the provision of healthcare services to the patients respectfully, considering their differences and needs. Their cultural values should be used to guide clinical decisions in order for them to be receptive to the services.

Including relatives and other close friends in the discussion can aid in unifying the group and preventing disagreement. Regardless of the patient’s choice, this can assist in improving the outcome (Arnold, 2022). It will help to address issues such as financial concerns, misinformations and offer solutions through collaboration. Documentation should be done to demonstrate the degree to which practices have been observed and the justification for any deviations from the accepted level of care. In addition, providers should inform the patients that they can change their minds at any point regarding the screening. Ensuring the patient obtains the optimal treatment possible is the key role of health providers in any situation. A declination of care does not indicate the cessation of such obligation.


Arnold, R. (2022). What to Do When a Patient Refuses Treatment. Palliative Care Network of Wisconsin.

Pirotte, B. D., & Benson, S. (2021, July 26). Refusal of Care. PubMed; StatPearls Publishing.

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