How to discuss a mental illness case study solved: White Australian Male

How to discuss a mental illness case study solved: White Australian Male

Discuss the relationship between mental illness and religion

Religion and mental health are intertwined. Religion is the formative belief of supernatural forces that hold the present system of an individual. The case presented above of a person who held that spirit entered him through the rectum was responsible for his mental health. Religion entails having a fixed belief in spiritual powers. The belief in unseen supernatural forces connects people with their God. Patients presenting with mental health disorders often articulate the association of supernatural beings, which relieves anxiety among themselves.

The conformity of certain religious behaviors and the outcomes of worldly patterns state the evidence of why mental health is associated with religion. The opposing forces between the powers of God an individual believe in, and the power of the spirit world is responsible for an individual developing mental health (Cook, 2020). Religious practices are different from different one culture to another. Most of the time, people from different cultures often interact with religion daily, which is crucial to their mental health. Most people’s beliefs and practices provide comfort and support during distress. However, some people whose beliefs and practices are firmly embedded and dependent on the supernatural being profoundly contribute to mental health disorders. Obsessive-compulsive disorders are often associated with routine activities exercised by religious people. On the hand, religion has been used to treat mental health disorders. Psychotherapy is often a treatment regime religion engaged in relieving psychiatric illnesses among people possessed.

Priest plays an essential role as counselors for clients compelled by mental health, for instance, clients with depression. Faith and belief system are significant factors contributing to psychological well-being and are primarily utilized in psychotherapy. Religion connectedness through worship and prayers provide myriad benefits that contribute to the psychological well-being of an individual. These beneficial factors relieve an individual from acquiring derailing mental conditions such as depression, obsessive-compulsive disorders, and anxiety-related conditions.

Is this classified as psychopathology? Support your response using DSM5 criteria.

The relationship between health and religion is classified as psychopathology. Psychopathology studies mental and social disorders as well as mental illnesses (Krueger et al., 2018). It describes symptoms and behaviors that are unlikely to be evident in the everyday well-being of a person. For instance, the client described in the case study presented signs unlikely to happen in an average person, such as believing a spirit had entered his body through the rectum and controlled him. Psychopathology demonstrates itself from the individual experiencing hallucinations and delusions that are not based on reality. Hallucinations and delusional thoughts are classified as forms of psychopathology. The DSM-5 criteria for delusional thoughts must include the existence of a non-bizarre behavior that has persisted for one month. one must also demonstrate signs of reduced function, and another mental health cannot better explain delusions.

Delusions are false beliefs based on an interference of reality that persists for a month and is characterized by non-bizarre and bizarre behaviors. Non-bizarre delusions entail situations that occur in real life. Bizarre delusions include implausible beliefs. Delusions that impact one’s control of body and mind are termed eccentric, including beliefs exercised by an outside force, for instance, a supernatural being (Cunningham, 2018)). The bizarre behaviors and impaired function outlined in the case study typically ruled psychopathological disorder. Psychopathology conditions are often managed by psychotherapy and the use of classified medication to stop the poor thought function not based on reality. Antipsychotic drugs are vital in preventing psychopathological conditions. The differential diagnosis of delusional disorder according to DSM-5 includes obsessive-compulsive disorder and psychotic disorder due to another state.


Cook, C. C. (2020). Spirituality, religion & mental health: exploring the boundaries. Mental Health, Religion & Culture23(5), 363-374.

Cunningham, M. D. (2018). Differentiating delusional disorder from the radicalization of extreme beliefs: A 17-factor model. Journal of Threat Assessment and Management5(3), 137.

Krueger, R. F., Kotov, R., Watson, D., Forbes, M. K., Eaton, N. R., Ruggero, C. J., & Zimmermann, J. (2018). Progress in achieving quantitative classification of psychopathology. World Psychiatry17(3), 282-293.

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