The Gold Rush is a historical period in the world history which was characterized by workers immigrated to areas which they would discover gold. In the 19th century, the major gold rushes were in Canada –Yukon, Oceania, South Africa, Brazil and the United States in western states, California and Georgia.

In the United State the major   Gold Rush was in California which started in 1848 when Jon Marshall   discovered gold deposit   in the America River (Santos, 2002). This discovery greatly impacted on the economy of the US and California.The discovery also led to the in crease of population in this state as people migrated to find gold and have jobs opportunities in the mines. The gold mines generated thousands of dollars each month.

San Francisco also grew from a village to a big town and also its inhabitants increased within a year. The prices of good shot up and new developments in infrastructure, telecommunication and other innovations came up. Other gold mines were found in Alaska and Nevada which also experienced improvements such as improved living conditions. The west coast also opened up to new settlement. Transportation was improved through the development rail and innovation of new trains connecting people of the east and west coast.

The Dust Bowl causes server agricultural and ecological damage to the lands of Canadian prairie and America. This happened between 1930 and 1936. This phenomenon was caused by the severe drought which had hit the nation. It was also caused by severe agricultural methods which lacked fallow fields, crop rotation and other techniques for soil erosion prevention. This period had severe economic effects to the country. Land values became very low. There was also not sufficient food to feed the nation.

There were also lack bank credits to farmers. Therefore the dust bowl did not contribute to the development on the US (North American drought, a Paleo perspective 1999).The Indus River Valley left a legacy in resulting into the emergence of regional cultures which had been influenced by the Indus civilization. For example the Cemetery H culture have been found in the city of Harappa characterized by cremation which is still practiced today especially among the Hindus.. The Ochre colored pottery expanded to Gangetic plain and Rajasthan (Harappa, 2008).


 Harappa, (2008) the Ancient Indus civilization. Retrieved from

On March 2, 2011

Santos, R (2002) the Gold Rush of California: A bibliography of the periodical articles. Retrieved from

On March 2, 2011

North American drought, a Paleo perspective (1999) the 20th century Drought. Retrieved from

On March 2, 2011