Question: Can Someone Help Me On #1-5. #1-5, 7, 8 Are Used As A Guide To Answer The Questions Regarding The Case Study.
can someone help me on #1-5. #1-5, 7, 8 are used as a guide toanswer the questions regarding the case study.
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Interstitial Cystitis Lisa Galerno is a 32-year-old woman who came to her nurse practitioner 2 months ago with complaints of frequency. urgency, dysuria, and low-back and pelvic pain. A urine specimen was collected and analyzed. The findings were normal except for a small number of red blood cells (RBCs). Because of her symptoms, Ms. Galerno was treated for a possible urinary tract infection and was put on a course of antibiotics. She returned a week later with her symptoms unchanged. A second urine specimen was tested and showed the same results as the first. Next, Ms. Galerno was put on a different antibiotic. When she returned a week later, with still no improvement in symptoms, she was referred to a urologist for further evaluation After an initial consultation with the urologist, a cystoscopy was done under general anesthesia and tissue collected for a biopsy. The cytology report revealed that the specimen was benign; however, visual inspection during the cystoscopy confirmed the presence of hemorrhagic lesions and ulcerations, as well as smaller than-normal bladder capacity. Based on these findings, a diagnosis of interstitial cystitis was confirmed. A bladder distention was performed at that time. Interstitial cystitis (IC) is a disorder of the bladder lining that affects approximately one million people in the United States, most men. The cause has not been clearly identified, although severe stress appears to be a contributor There is also some speculation that it may be autoimmune in nature. There is no known cure, and treatments are few and provide variable results. People with IC manage their disease most effectively by noticing what seems to trigger or worsen their symptoms and what brings relief. It is essentially a process of trial and error, the results are not the same for everyone. Dietary triggers may include caffeine, alcohol, chocolate, or acidic foods such as citrus fruits; therefore, the usual remedy of drinking cranberry juice for a bladder infection is not helpful and may exacerbate symptoms. Some interventions that may bring relief include taking Elmiron (the only medication approved so far for IC), taking NSAIDs such as ibuprofen or naproxen, and applying heat. People with IC generally notice wide fluctuations in symptoms and will have good days and bad days. They may need to adopt lifestyle modifications and avoid activities that seem to increase their pain. Common symptoms of IC include low-back and pelvic pain, frequency (the need to urinate often, caused by bladder Irritation), urgency (the need to urinate now), and dysuria (pain or burning on urination). The symptoms are extremely variable in duration and intensity and may fluctuate dramatically throughout any given day. Definitive diagnosis is concluded via cystoscopy, which may be performed under general anesthesia if bladder distention is planned. In this procedure, the blodder is filled with sterile saline to stretch it and increase its capacity. Questions: his la ment: Questions: 1. Both times that a urinalysis was performed, the findings confirmed the presence of: 2. Ms. Galerno was referred to a physician who specializes in the treatment the medical of: Write medical term and define in your own words. 3. The urologist performed which of the following procedures? 4. Which of the following abnormal findings were noted during the cystoscopy? During the cystoscopy, the urologist also: Write the medical terms and define in your own words. 5. Describe how the common symptoms of IC could affect a person’s ADLs. Create a list of foods and beverages that could worsen the symptoms of IC. Hint for responding: Your response should be based on your classmates answer to question 5. Also look for another illness, procedure treatment related to the Urinary System and compare and contrast it to Interstitial cystitis. 1. Both times that a urinalysis was performed the findings confirmed the presence of: a. pus b. bacteria c. blood d. protein 2. Ms. Galemo was referred to a physician who specializes in the treatment of: a. female disorders b. urinary-tract disorders c. colorectal disorders d. endocrine disorders 3. The urologist performed which of the following procedures? a. surgical removal of the bladder b. surgical incision into the bladder c. visual examination of the bladder d. surgical fixation of the bladder 4. Which of the following abnormal findings were noted during the cystoscopy? a. small cracks and sores that bleed b. presence of cancerous lesions c. presence of an infection d. large bladder capacity 5. During the cystoscopy, the urologist also: a. injected antibiotics into the bladder b. used sterile salt water to stretch the bladder c. applied medication to the bladder lining d. cauterized the lesions to stop the bleeding 6. Which of the following statements is not true about IC? a. It affects women more often than men. b. All people with IC experience the same symptoms. c. There is no known cure. d. Each person with IC must learn by trial and error what makes symptoms better or worse. 7. Describe how the common symptoms of IC could affect a person’s ADLs. 8. Create a list of foods and beverages that could worsen the symptoms of IC.