Question: Based On Newark Information Complete The Following Case Study In Brief With Reference.
based on newark information complete the following case studyin brief with reference.
Transcribed Image Text from this Question
NEWARK Welcome to the city of Newark, located in northern New Jersey in the country of Essex, settled on the banks of the Passaic River in 1665. Newark is one of the nation’s oldest cities, and with a population of approximately 280,000 residents. Newark is the largest city in New Jersey, and it’s also home to Rutgers-Newark, the most diverse college campus in the nation. An estimated 30% of Newark’s residents live in poverty and about 18% of children suffer from extreme poverty. Childhood poverty, financial instability and unemployment at any point in the life course have a profound impact on an individual’s overall health and wellbeing, social and community factors, like social cohesion, civic participation, discrimination and incarceration can affect health. About 48% of Newark’s residents are African-American, while 36% of the population identify as Hispanic. Health and healthcare access is an important determinant of health. Access to healthcare, access to primary care, and health literacy all impact a population’s health. Despite approximately of Newark residents having some sort of health insurance. The burden of disease is high. One fifth rank their health as poor, less than have accessed routine primary care in the last year. Asthma rates, elevated lead levels, obesity and HIV/AIDS are more prevalent than found in most other cities. Approximately 1/3 of Newark residents over the age of five speak Spanish at home, with more than a of at-home Spanish spenkers reporting they speak O BE X English less than very well. Portuguese and African language are also often heard in Newark. Limited English proficiency has a profound impact on health and healthcare access. As do cultural considerations neighborhood and build environment affects the health and wellbeing of Newark’s citizens. Access to healthy foods, quality of housing, crime and violence, and environmental conditions affect health. Healthy food access is an issue in Newark, and despite private-public efforts to change this, fresh fruits and vegetables are not easily available and can be expensive, fats food outlets abound. Much of the housing stock is one of the oldest in the region. There are many unoccupied and abandoned properties. Crime and violence is a serious concern in Newark. The violence crime rate is three times the national average. Half of Newark’s residents do not feel safe in streets or public spaces. Hearing gunshots and seeing drug deals in certain neighborhood is not unusual. Newark is a major transportation hub, home to Newark international airport. Newark Penn station, a large port, port Newark-Elizabeth marine terminal, a small subway system, and often congested roads. The New Jersey turnpike, the garden state parkway, highways 1-9, 78 and 22, all cut through Newark. All this transportation brings commutes and potential economic opportunities, but also comes with pollution, exhaust, noise and vehicles, Newark has poor air quality, compared to the national average. Newark residents hold less than 1/5 of all jobs in the city, and the jobs they do not hold tend to be at the low end of the pay scale. The largest employer in the area in Newark international airport. Green space and natural elements are important to health and wellbeing. The city is flanked by the Passaic River on the east and anchored on the north and south by branch Brook Park and Weequabic park, both designed by the legendary landscape architect Frederick law Olmsted. Even with these two historically significant parks, Newark remains densely population and park-poor. Newark offers only 2.9 acres of parks per 1000 residents, 2 times below the average for comparable places. More than of Newark’s kids do not have any significant green space, within a mile of their home. Many factors that are widespread in Newark is poverty, poor physical health, lower health literacy, crime and violence rates, air and water pollution, and a lack of green space may contribute to the self-rated poor health and negative quality of life Newark resident experience. To improve both physical and mental health in Newark, social determinants of health must be addressed. O X3 The case study, which focuses on Newark, New Jersey, addresses three of the five key determinants of health: social and community context, health and health care, and neighborhood and built environment. Pick one of the Social Determinants of Health that interest you in this case study and explain: 1. The effects of it on Society 2. What changes are required to bring about quality of life. 3. What advice would you, as a nurse, give to these clients based on the topic chosen.