APA citation, also known as referencing, involves using someone’s work in your own words to convey a specific meaning within a context. Citing sources is essential to authenticate your academic work and make it suitable for its intended purpose. Proper citation gives your paper credibility and allows readers to access the sources, thereby validating your research and demonstrating that the ideas presented are not original to the author. Let’s explore how to cite APA from a website.
What is APA’s Style of Reference Citation?
The American Psychological Association (APA) style is the preferred method of citation in social sciences and academic paper writing. This style employs the author and date format, where both the author’s name and the publication year appear in the main text. APA citations can be sourced from various materials such as books, websites, journal articles, magazines, newspapers, micro visual media, and electronic media. The APA style has undergone several revisions to adapt to the changing writing landscape, with the latest being the APA 2019 7th edition, which includes an updated full guide.
How to Cite a Website in APA
To cite information from a website, thorough research is necessary. After identifying credible websites and online articles you wish to cite, it is advisable to read further. Online citation tools can assist you in properly citing different websites and using them as sources.
A website citation in APA should include the author’s last name and first initials, the year, month, and date the article was published, the title of the web page, the name of the website, and the URL of the webpage. In cases where online source documents do not follow the standard structure or lack necessary parts, they can only be used if they do not belong to other source categories.
Here is an example of an APA format website citation:
Austerlitz, S. (2015, March 3). How long can a spinoff like ‘Better Call Saul last? FiveThirtyEight.
Basic Checklist for a Webpage Citation from a Website:
– Author’s name, with the surname followed by first initials.
– Date in brackets (indicate exact dates if available).
– Title of the writing in italics.
– Website name.
– URL for authentication.
The first line of each citation is left-aligned, with subsequent lines indented 5-7 spaces.
Johnson, A. (2018, May 24). “It doesn’t need to be this way”: The promise of specialized early intervention in psychosis services. IEPA. https://iepa.org.au/network-news/it-doesnt-need-to-be-this-way-the-promise-of-specialised-early-intervention-in-psychosis-services/
When adding text from social media posts, ensure to maintain the original capitalization of spellings, hashtags, and emojis if applicable. Also, do not forget to include the links.
Citing a Website in APA 7th Edition
The APA 7th edition is the latest guide in citation and referencing, including electronic resources. It provides possibilities for electronically citing short and long URLs in-text.
When referencing a page within a website, use the following format:
– Author’s name
– Date of publication
– Title of the web page
– Publisher or sponsor (if provided)
– URL (include specific dates as provided on the website)
If the author and the publisher are the same, omit the publisher from the reference to avoid repetition. This format is often used for downloaded PDF documents.
When citing an entire website, follow the same structure as above, but include the URL of the website’s home page to authenticate the source.
Citing a Government Website APA 7th Edition
When citing a government website in APA 7th edition, you can use the agency mentioned in the post as the reference for accountability. The agency’s name will not appear as the author’s name but as the source. For example, “U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health.” Provide the specific date, month, and year the agency published the article on the webpage, and avoid using article review dates.
The title of the webpage should be in italics, and the URL must be included at the end of the reference.
Organizations and government institutions’ website citations may or may not have specific authors. In cases where there is no specific author, you can cite the publishing agency with the date of first publication.
In-Text Citation in APA
In-text citation in APA is used when you quote or paraphrase someone’s work and incorporate it into your own writing. The author’s name, page number, and year of publication are included in the context, providing readers with references to the sources. In-text citations allow readers to interact with the sources directly within the context of the paper. For website or online article citations, the last name of the author and the year of publication are indicated in parentheses, such as (Hepburn & Omolon, 2010).
Note that authors can be individuals or organizations. For instance, the American Psychological Association is cited as (American Psychological Association, 2015). For direct quotations from authors, include the page number, such as (Omolloh, 2005, p. 14). For sources like websites and e-books without page numbers, you can use a paragraph number.
In cases where the author is unknown, use the title and the date in the in-text citation. For longer titles, shorten them. If there are no dates, use “n.d.” to indicate no dates. In-text citations should always lead the reader to the relevant source elements.
Electronic Sourcing in APA Citation
Electronic sourcing in APA citation involves retrieving or sourcing references virtually from electronic resources. Electronic resources include e-mail, e-maps, e-journals, databases, e-books, e-photos CDs/DVDs, e-conference minutes, e-reports, e-manuscripts, e-theses, e-newspapers, websites, newsrooms, and FAQs.
Citing electronic sources in the text requires bracketing, with the author’s name, year of publication, and page number all enclosed in brackets.
General Guidelines for APA Citation:
– Arrange all authors’ names alphabetically.
– If authors have the same surname, list them alphabetically based on their second and third names.
– Titles should be italicized in the reference list, or if not italicized, use double quotation marks or capitalize the title.
– Use capitalization for the title, including the author’s initials (e.g., D. Hepburn).
– For direct quotes, use paragraph, section, table, or chapter numbers as source references.
– When the title of the work is italicized in the reference list, use capital letters for the title.
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APA citation or referencing from a website is an essential task in academic writing and can be enjoyable with the right information. APA style is widely used and accepted in most social sciences works and academic writing. In in-text citations, the last name of the author(s), the year of publication, and, if applicable, the page number are included in parentheses. The APA 7th edition is more aligned to an author-date style, and electronic citation is an automated way of sourcing references virtually.
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